Are you prepared for winter? Avoiding viral infections – is the best option!

Are you prepared for winter? Well, firstly our clinically proven supplement NuCell IM, will provide you on a daily basis with a range of nutrients that help support immunity and energy levels in the body, while reducing oxidative stress. Additionally, there are many other ways to shore up your own defences, so you don’t succumb to the dreaded lurgy this winter. This article gathers tips and suggestions from experts, like the Common Colds Centre, Cardiff University, as well as our own nutritionists and immunologists.


If you are in contact with other people you are likely to get a cold as the viruses are so common.


HOWEVER…….Infection does not always mean a cold

Most human viral infections produce no disease at all. They are ‘subclinical’ (i.e. no symptoms), despite extensive viral replication. The concept that the majority of viral infections pass unnoticed without any signs of disease is known as the ‘iceberg concept of infection’, as the classical and severe disease cases only represent the tip of the iceberg of infection.




• Information from the Common Cold Centre, Cardiff University.


Colds are like an iceberg

The ‘iceberg’ concept of viral infection describes the general consensus by virologists that most infections in the community do not cause symptoms and pass without notice. At the very bottom of the iceberg we have the vast majority of encounters with common cold viruses in which the virus does not infect the nose or causes only minor symptoms such as short lived throat irritation and a couple of sneezes which are not recognised as a cold.


Try out these tips

Hand washing may help

Since cold viruses can be passed from person to person by hand contact or by touching contaminated surfaces such as door handles, you can help prevent infection by washing your hands. Studies have shown that hand washing can reduce the spread of common colds within the family.


Avoid contact with someone at the onset of their cold (not always possible!) 

In order for the infection to spread, you need to have close and prolonged contact with the infected other people and to cough or sneeze on them or pass on secretions from your nose via your hands.


You are most infectious when you have the early symptoms of sneezing, runny nose and cough.


Keep your nose warm!

A new theory that has been put forward to explain the seasonality of colds and flu. This suggests that our noses are colder in winter than summer and that cooling of the nose lowers resistance to infection. If this theory is correct then covering our nose with a scarf in cold weather could help prevent colds.


Kissing is OK

Close personal contact is necessary for the virus to spread and the home and school are the places where spread most often occurs. The common cold viruses are not spread by contact such as kissing, but appear to be spread by large particles expelled at close range by coughs and sneezes, and by contaminated fingers that pass the virus to the nose and eye. Your fingers can easily become contaminated with viruses by touching door handles etc. in public places. You may then touch your nose or eye and infect yourself. Tears from the eye drain via a duct into the nasal cavity and when we touch our eyes with contaminated fingers we pass viruses into the nose!


Get less stressed! 

There is much evidence that indicates that the stress of everyday life can influence the susceptibility to infection. It is still not clear how psychological stress affects the immune system but the most likely link appears to be the increase in the release of corticosteroid hormones associated with stress, as corticosteroid hormones are known to decrease resistance to infection.


The increased stress of modern life, particularly in cities, may be one of the factors predisposing us to the very high incidence of common cold infections in crowded environments.


Keep Fit

‘Healthy body, healthy mind’. Exercise has been proven to be one of the best ways to de-stress. Regular physical activity sharpens reflexes, stimulates your hormones, improves gut function, promotes refreshing sleep, and helps keep us trim and in a buoyant mood.


We are what we eat!

Eating well is an important part of maintaining good health.

Key aspects to a healthy diet include; eating the right number of calories, avoiding high sugar foods, eating a wide range of foods, reducing reliance on processed foods, staying hydrated, and using food supplements to supply essential nutrients if you are unable to ‘Eat well’. Food supplements NuCell IM contains vitamins and nucleotides to support your immune system and ability to deal with the stressful lifestyles. Put through its ‘research paces’, you can check out our other articles to see how this exceptional product helps people overcome modern stresses which compromise a healthy immune system:


[list type=”3″]



Our experts have produced a handy fact sheet, ‘Keeping Healthy’ with tips for general fitness and how to eat healthily to build a strong immune system to help fight off these winter infections.


Click here ‘Keeping Healthy’ to download this fact sheet.


Taking Nutritional Supplements for Celiac Disease

For people with celiac disease, especially those recently diagnosed, eating gluten-free food and taking the right supplements is paramount. This article talks about the cutting edge nutritional research behind Nucleotide Nutrition’s food supplement IntestAid IB and how it is able to support a healthy small intestine.

Digestion and celiac disease


Our absorption of food and nutrients occurs mostly in the small intestine; it is here that we have thousands of tiny protrusions that line the small intestines called villi, which play a vital role increasing the surface area available in the gut for maximum absorption. However, in celiacs, these villi are destroyed and the intestinal wall damaged causing serious implications.


An allergic reaction to gluten, celiac disease (or gluten sensitivity) is a severe immune response which leads to inflammation of the small intestines and injury to the intestinal lining. Diarrhoea, abdominal bloating, vomiting and weight loss may be experienced from this reaction to gluten, and the consequential inability to properly digest food. As the villi are destroyed, the surface area is reduced and the intestinal lining is made smooth. Without the villi, absorption of dietary nutrients is made inefficient, leading to malnutrition. Many celiac sufferers are deficient in essential fatty acids, iron, zinc, vitamin D and K, calcium, magnesium and folic acid. If untreated, malnourishment and insufficient vitamins and minerals in the diet can cause osteoporosis (weakening of the bones and reduction of bone density).



3 for 2 Offer - Make sure you select 3 for 2 in your buying options


Are our modern-day diets depriving us?

Two leading health magazines published a review by health expert Dr Robert Verkerk. His observations of recent clinical research and food studies pertaining to a class of micro-nutrients, nucleotides, led him and other scientific experts to believe that western populations may well now find themselves to be deficient of nucleotides, due to modern-day diets and lifestyles.


Commonly known as simply ‘vitamins and minerals’, micronutrients are required in our diets, each in small quantities, for our bodies to function properly and carry out vital processes such as brain function and red blood cell synthesis. One particular category of micronutrients is becoming of increasing interest to researchers, considered now as ‘conditionally essential’; but may be regarded even more vital than this in the short future given its surplus of properties and activities ranging from its role in DNA repair, gut mucosal repair and immune function. This category, which is being seen less in our modern diets regardless of its incredible nutritional benefits, is of course nucleotides.


Where do nucleotides come from naturally?

Our bodies themselves can produce new nucleotides and ‘salvage spare parts’ when cell regeneration is required and even when they are in high demand. However nucleotides are also supplied to the body via our diets. When new cell synthesis is highest (this can be a requirement, for example, at times of rapid growth, stress, infection or injury) the body is unable to produce enough nucleotides self-sufficiently. Our food should provide us with the right ‘fuel’ our bodies need to respond to these times of pressure. Unfortunately foods high in nucleotides have somewhat been expelled from our modern diets over time; the highest sources of nucleotides can be found in offal and organ meats as shown in the diagram below (figure 1).



Figure 1; total nucleotide content of a range of meat and vegetarian protein sources. Analysis by Chemoforma/ProBio.


The food we do eat – protein such as chicken breast and other animal muscle – contains nucleotides, but not nearly as much as our ancestral diet of meat offal. The replacement of these important protein and nucleotide sources with our well-known fast-food and junk-food choices means we are depriving our bodies of the nutrients we really need to deal with our modern fast-paced lives. The vegetables that provide a source of nucleotides and other micronutrients are making less of an appearance on our plates too, which is bad news for our health.


The appropriate lifestyle and dietary changes through eating more of the right foods such as those in figure 1 can not only assist in improving your bowel health, immunity and prevent oxidative stress; but will also serve to thwart cardiovascular diseases (CVD) – coronary heart disease, stroke, peripheral arterial disease, and aortic disease – which are the biggest killers in the western world.


Although eating a varied and healthy diet consisting of a rainbow of vegetables, fruit, and lean meats may be an uncomplicated improvement for many to achieve; it may be difficult for people with certain allergies or diet restrictions to allow them a holistically healthy and balanced diet when it comes to dairy products, breads and wholesome carbohydrates. Lactose intolerance, gluten and wheat allergies affect many people, however by following a good and nutritious diet according to your food tolerances and taking a supplement such as IntestAid IB, will contribute to meeting the necessary demands of your body.



NHD Magazine, ‘Nucleotides: Speculation on Lifestyle-induced essentiality’
Aug/Sept 2011


CAM Magazine, ‘Lifestyle-induces essentiality: science takes another look at nucleotides’
Sept 2011

IBS tips for bloating symptoms

This is such an inconvenient and uncomfortable symptom, which can be distressing when you want to look nice in your clothes, and nothing in the wardrobe fits. Other IBS symptoms can remain hidden, but bloating stands out, literally.


Our IBS & DIET fact sheet has been designed to help people with symptoms of IBS, this has been devised by dietitian and IBS expert Nigel Denby. The Fact Sheet advises on how diet and lifestyle may affect symptoms of IBS, and contains helpful tips and meal plans devised for the main symptoms that are affecting you the most.



In the dietary section, IntestAid IB, of the website you will be able to complete our IntestAid IB Nutritional Challenge questionnaire, so we can email this factsheet to you.


Meal plan for IBS symptom – Bloating:


[list type=”3″]

  • Probiotic mini-drink
  • Bowl of wholegrain cereal with semi-skimmed or soya milk,
    top with sliced fruit or dried fruit
  • Slice of wholegrain or granary toast with jam/honey/marmalade
  • Drink




[list type=”3″]

  • Piece of fruit
  • Drink




[list type=”3″]

  • Meat, fish, egg or vegetarian sandwich on granary bread
  • Piece of fruit
  • Probiotic yogurt
  • Drink




[list type=”3″]

  • Cereal bar
  • Drink



Evening meal

[list type=”3″]

  • Grilled pork chop with honey and mustard glaze
  • Mashed potato add a little wholegrain mustard if liked
  • 2 servings of root vegetables
  • Drink




[list type=”3″]

  • Avoid fizzy drinks – including sparkling water.
  • Avoid green leafy vegetables, onions, garlic, beans, lentils and pulses, these are renowned gassy foods and best avoided.


Breast is best and beyond…the nutrients essential thereafter

Breakthroughs in the understanding of breast milk are fundamentally altering and adding to our understanding of human health.  Indeed, research is showing that nutrients, such as nucleotides, established as essential for babies, can also be essential for us as we go through childhood and beyond.



Human breast milk is nature’s perfect food; it is even a ‘fast’ food.  It contains everything that a baby needs to grow and keep well.  A baby will grow faster during the first two years than at any other time of life. Generally, by the end of the first 12 months, a baby should triple his or her birth weight and increase birth length by 50%! Brain weight triples during this time. It is because infancy is a period of such rapid growth that there are key nutrients that are so important.


If breast milk has a label it would have a list of ingredients like this:  4% fat, 1% protein, Vitamins A, C, E and K, sugars, essential minerals, enzymes and antibodies.  These are approximate quantities since breast milk is constantly changing due to stage of lactation, time of day, and also between different mothers.


Of great importance are the proteins and nucleic acids. The main proteins are: casein, serum albumin, a-lactalbumin, B-lactalbumin, immunoglobulins, and other glycoproteins. 40% of breast milk protein is casein, which contains equalized amino acids and provides calcium and phosphate; 60% is whey, which contains water, electrolytes and protein. Whey is made up of 5 factors: a-lactalbumin, serum albumin, lactoferrin, immunoglobulins and lysozyme.


Some amino acids and nucleic acids found in mother’s milk are ‘essential’, since they not found in significant levels (or at all in some cases) in cow’s milk :


[list type=”3″]

  • Taurine is the second most common amino acid found in breast milk, and it does not
    exist in cow’s milk. It is vital for the workings of the brain and retina. In addition,
    it supports conjugation of bile acids. Many companies are adding this amino
    acid to formula now.
  • Nucleotides are significant in protein synthesis and they promote growth and
    differentiation of organs and tissues. They also improve the metabolism of lipids,
    and are important in the development of the gut and immune function of babies.
    It is widely researched# and accepted that nucleotides benefit infants when
    provided naturally in breast milk or supplemented in milk formulas leading
    to better development of the immune system and improved gut health.
    There are 10 times more nucleotides in breast milk than in cow’s milk.
  • Carnitine is vital for catabolism of long chain fatty acids.



Research and reviews of clinical trials with infants and children by Dr Azam Mohd Nor, consultant paediatric cardiologist, led to this specialist publishing 1 his nutritional recommendations for children of all ages.  He advises on the specific nutrients that are needed by children to achieve learning milestones.  Dr Nor’s nutritional recommendations for toddlers and children include the supplementation of nucleotides, as his review of the research indicates that these nutrients are important for the strength of children’s immunity, and their ability to reach in due time their ‘play’ learning milestones.


Note to mums, nursing mums and mothers

Breast milk is best, but be reassured for those unable to do so, Infant formula to 6 months contains supplemented nucleotides. Here’s some references for research behind the use of nucleotides in infant formula  2, 3


Additional nucleotides for you can be found in the supplement NuCell IM.  Check out the website for information on NuCell IM and advice on good nucleotide food sources.



1. Ref. Article contributed by Dr Azam Mohd Nor, consultant paediatric cardiologist. 6th June 2012. “Learning Boost for Kids. Specific nutrients are needed by your child to achieve learning milestones”.


2. Hawkes JS, Gibson RA, Roberton D, Makrides M. – Effect of dietary nucleotide supplementation on growth and immune function in term infants: a randomized controlled trial. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2006 Feb;60(2):254-64.


3. Schaller JP, Kuchan MJ, Thomas DL, Cordle CT, Winship TR, Buck RH, Baggs GE, Wheeler JG. – Effect of dietary ribonucleotides on infant immune status. Part 1: Humoral responses. Pediatr Res. 2004 Dec;56(6):883-90. Epub 2004 Oct 20. Erratum in: Pediatr Res. 2005 Mar;57(3):452.